Authors: michael conrad

Doer…

2020-03-25 Michael Conrad  3 minute read

Much the same way “-er” is added at the end of words in English to indicate “one who does”, a Cherokee speaker can do similar word creation by replacing the “-ᎣᎢ” sound at the end of the habitual verb form with an “-Ꭲ” sound. These new words are referred to as the agentive form.

Creating descriptive words - “-Ꭵ⁴Ꭲ”

2020-03-25 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

If you want to be able to describe something based on a state of being, like “jumpy” for “jumping” or “hungry” for “is hungry”, you can often take the Past Tense form and use the suffix “-Ꭵ⁴Ꭲ”. These new word forms use the “Ꮧ-” prefix rules for making plurals and must be inflected for person. The word order normally reverses as the new word with the “-Ꭵ⁴Ꭲ” suffix is a descriptive word and normally goes in front of what it is describing. Keeping the “⁴” tone is very important.

Causing… (Instrumental/Causative)

2020-03-25 Michael Conrad  2 minute read

To indicate that something is being caused to happen add one of the following special endings to the matching tense stem. There is a special pronunciation change based on the final sound of the stem you are attaching to!

This suffix only attaches to verbs that do not indicate something or someone doing for themselves. This suffix can not be used on verbs such as “He is running”. In such cases a verb that indicates some degree of “to make it”, “to cause it”, or “to motivate it” should be used instead.

Note: The present tense suffix attaches to the present tense stem, the past tense suffix attaches to the past tense stem, and so forth.

Already will have…

2020-03-25 Michael Conrad  1 minute read
  • Ꮒ- + Ꮥ- becomes ᏂᏗ-

☞ The Ꮒ- prefix can indicate “will have already begun” or “will have already occurred” when used with the habitual form.

You are indicating a future event happening alongside another future event. The events are “beside” or “next to” each other.

This requires replacing the “-oi” ending with “-esdi”.