Authors: michael conrad

Repeatedly (Repetitive) (Frequentative)

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

To indicate that something is being done “over and over” you take the past tense form and add one of the following special endings. These endings are only for “over and over”, not “again”.

Place Of, Location

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read
  • -Ꭲ, -Ᏹ
    [-⁴ɂị, -⁴yị] “Place of. Location is usually found at.”

This ending allows you to create new words that indicate a place or location.

When added to a word that ends in an “-a”, the “-a” usually changes into an “-v” though there are a few words that the “-a” changes into an “-o” instead. Unless otherwise instructed, you should change the “-a” into an “-v”.

On, In, Into…

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  2 minute read
  • -Ꭿ
    [-⁴hị] “On. In. Into.”

This ending allows you to indicate “on or in” for the word you modify.

When added to a word that ends in “-a”, the “-a” changes into an “-o”.

Make sure to always say the part before the final “-hi” with a high rising tone, even if you drop the final “-hi” as part of informal speech.

Depending on context, if you drop the final “-hi” some speakers might understand you as indicating “Location.” instead of “On.” or “In.”.

Not able to…, Cannot…

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

See also “Able to… ” and “Able to if”.

For negative conditional ability, take the Immediate Tense stem and add “Ꮭ” and use prefix “ᏴᎦ-”

Negative commands

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

ᏞᏍᏗ… Ꮵ-

To indicate a negative command:

Use the word “ᏞᏍᏗ (hle²sti)” and add the prefix “Ꮵ- (ji²-)” to the Immediate Tense stem.

Needs to…, Must do…

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  2 minute read

If you take the Infinitive form and add a high falling tone on its rightmost long vowel you imply a “need to do” something. Knowing exactly where to add this tone requires experience listening to long timer speakers of the language. ☞ You can indicate that it is a “must do” instead of a “need do” by adding the word ᎠᏎ “a²se”.

More Than Usual

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

Related to the idea of “more” and “most” is the idea of “more than usual”. In English this can be expressed by phrases like “really loud”, “extra hard”, “really bad”, “especially good”, and so forth.

  • -Ꮢ⁴Ꭲ
    [-sv⁴ɂi] “More than usual.”