Authors: michael conrad

ᏔᎵᏍᎪ ᏔᎵᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  6 minute read

ᏘᎪᎵᏯ (Read them)


  • [ka] “Hey now! Enough already! Hey!” ☞ Also used as a greeting to indicate a “Hey!” kind of “Hi!”.

  • ᏄᎳ
    [nu⁴la] “Hurry.”

  • ᎢᏯᏂ
    [ị²yạ³ni] “Count of animate.”

  • ᎢᎦ
    [i²³ga⁴] “Count of inanimate.”

  • ᎦᏍᎩᎸᎢ
    [ga²sgị²lv⁴ɂi] “On a chair or on a table.”

  • ᏂᎦᏓ, ᏂᎦᏛ
    [nị²ga⁴da, nị²ga⁴dv] “All. Everyone.”

  • ᎤᎵᏑᏫᏓ
    [ul²su²³hwị²da] “Color.”

    • ᎤᎾᎵᏑᏫᏓ
      [u²nal²su²³hwị²da] “Color (them-animate).”

    • ᏧᎵᏑᏫᏓ
      [jul²su²³hwị²da] “Color (them-inanimate).”

ᏔᎵᏍᎪ ᏌᏊᎯᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  16 minute read

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)

Remember that it is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.

Cherokee word ordering works differently than English word ordering. In simple sentences the subject of the sentence comes first, followed by the object and its modifiers, and finally by the verb and its modifiers. This results in what is called a “subject-object-verb” word order. This can be seen in the following example:

ᏔᎵᏍᎪᎯᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  21 minute read

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)

Remember that it is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.

The Cherokee words for “is”, “was”, and “will be” work a little differently than they do in English. The words have special forms to indicate just now, now and on going, usually, a while ago, first hand knowledge, and second hand knowledge.

The special first hand and second hand knowledge forms will be indicated by references to “with personal knowledge” and “without personal knowledge”. “With personal knowledge” indicates being a first hand witness. “Without personal knowledge” indicates being told something by someone else making your information second hand.

In some materials you will see these words grouped together as one and referred to as “the copula”.

ᏐᏁᎳᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  26 minute read

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)

Remember that it is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.

The following two new bound pronouns are used in this lesson.

  • They … me.

    • ᎬᎩ̣-, ᎬᏆ͓- (gv²gị-, gv²gw-)
  • They … you.

    • ᎨᏣ̣- (ge²jạ-)

ᏁᎳᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  21 minute read

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)

Remember that it is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.

You were previously introduced to the special combination of Ꮭ/ᏱᎩ to indicate “isn’t”.

  • Ꮭ _____ ᏱᎩ [hla _____ yi⁴gi]

When you use the Cherokee word “ᎥᏝ” and combine it with the special prefix “Ᏹ-” you create a negative sentence.

ᎦᎵᏆᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  21 minute read

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)

Remember that it is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.

Each of the action words that you have learned so far are composed of two main parts. A base word which indicates “an action” and one or more prefixes which are used to indicate “who and whom”. The following list shows this information for the forms of ᎠᎪᏩᏘᎭ you have been using.

Reminder: Cherokee does not differentiate based on sexual gender. Where you see “he” or “him” in the following you can substitute “she” or “her”.

ᏓᎳᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  9 minute read

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)

Remember that it is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.

As demonstrated by your exercises in previous chapters, many Cherokee words for animals, plants, places and things do not change form when used in a plural sense. They work like the English words “deer” or “buffalo”.

However, most Cherokee words used to describe things do change form to indicate plurality and animacy. Such words include those which indicate color, size, shape, texture, and so on.

ᏍᎩᎦᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  9 minute read

ᏘᎪᎵᏯ (Read them)

When talking about multiple animate things, the prefix ᎠᏂ- is added if the word doesn’t start with Ꭴ:

  • ᎠᏂᏤᎢ
    [ạ²ni²je⁴ɂi] “Green of fruit or vegetable.”

  • ᎠᏂᏤᎢᏳᏍᏗ
    [ạ²ni²je³ɂị²yu⁴sdi] “Green colored.”

  • ᎠᏂᎩᎦᎨᎢ
    [ạ²ni²gi²³gạ³ge⁴ɂi] “Red.”