Categories: grammar

Without

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

☞ The Ꮒ- prefix can be combined with the special suffix -ᎥᎾ (-v⁴nạ) on past events to create a “without” meaning.

  • ᎤᏬᏂᏒᎢ. “He/she spoke.”

    • ᏄᏬᏂᏒᎾ. (Ꮒ + ᎤᏬᏂᏒᎢ + ᎥᎾ.)

      • “Without him speaking it.”
    • ᏣᎳᎩ ᏄᏬᏂᏒᎾ ᎤᏬᏂᏎᎢ.

      • “He/she spoke without speaking Cherokee.”

Will do…

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  3 minute read

If you take the Remote Past form and then add the special prefix “dạ-” and replace the “-vi” ending with “-ị” you create the Completive Future form. If the Present Tense form uses “Set A” pronouns, then use “Set A” pronouns and not “Set B” pronouns. ☞ This indicates much the same meaning as the English “will… ” forms that do not use “be… ing”.

Will be doing…

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

If you take the Present Habitual form and replace the ending “-o³ɂi” with “-e³sdi” you end up with the Future Progressive form. This form indicates an action that will be ongoing at a certain point in the future. ⚠ The tone is important.

Note how this matches “ᎨᏐᎢ (gesoi) - often is being” and “ᎨᏎᏍᏗ (gesesdi) - will be being”.

Where… ᎠᏂ, ᎠᎭᏂ, ᎾᎿ, ᎤᎿ, ᎠᎨ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

The words ᎠᎭᏂ (here), ᎾᎿ (that place there), ᎤᎿ (there), and ᎠᎨ (over there) can also be used to indicate location like the English “where he”, “where she”, and “where they” when the location of “where” is being referred to in a non-questioning way.

Was doing…

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

If you take the Present Habitual form and replace the ending “-o³ɂi” with “-v³ɂi” or “-e³ɂi” you create the Past Progressive form. This form indicates an action that was ongoing at a certain point in the past.

Note how this matches “ᎨᏐᎢ (gesoi) - often is being”, “ᎨᏒᎢ (gesvi) - was being”, and “ᎨᏎᎢ (gesei) - was reportedly being”.

Used to…

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

Cherokee does not have a word construct that directly translates as “used to do”. If you want to indicate that someone or something used to do something, and does not currently do it, you create the agentive form and add the Cherokee for “was”.

To… For… (Applicative) (Dative)

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  2 minute read

To indicate that something is being done to someone else or being done for someone else, you take the past tense form and add one of the following special “doing for” endings.

You should only use pronouns that indicate animate to animate relationships when using this ending.