Categories: grammar

ᏓᎳᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  9 minute read

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)

Remember that it is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.

As demonstrated by your exercises in previous chapters, many Cherokee words for animals, plants, places and things do not change form when used in a plural sense. They work like the English words “deer” or “buffalo”.

However, most Cherokee words used to describe things do change form to indicate plurality and animacy. Such words include those which indicate color, size, shape, texture, and so on.

ᏍᎩᎦᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  9 minute read

ᏘᎪᎵᏯ (Read them)

When talking about multiple animate things, the prefix ᎠᏂ- is added if the word doesn’t start with Ꭴ:

  • ᎠᏂᏤᎢ
    [ạ²ni²je⁴ɂi] “Green of fruit or vegetable.”

  • ᎠᏂᏤᎢᏳᏍᏗ
    [ạ²ni²je³ɂị²yu⁴sdi] “Green colored.”

  • ᎠᏂᎩᎦᎨᎢ
    [ạ²ni²gi²³gạ³ge⁴ɂi] “Red.”

ᏂᎦᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  11 minute read

ᏘᎪᎵᏯ (Read them)

The following color names are used when talking about single inanimate things:

  • ᎢᏤᎢ
    [ị¹je⁴ɂi] “Green of fruit or vegetable.”

  • ᎢᏤᎢᏳᏍᏗ
    [ị²je³ɂị²yu⁴sdi] “Green colored.”

  • ᎤᏁᎦ
    [u²ne⁴ga] “White.”

  • ᎤᏍᎪᎸᎢ
    [u¹sgo²³lv⁴ɂi] “Dim. Faded.”

ᏦᎦᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  6 minute read

ᏘᎪᎵᏯ (Read them)


  • [si] “Wait! All the same (still). Even now (or then) as was formerly (still).”

    • ᏝᏏ, ᎥᏝᏏ
      [hlạ³si, vhlạ³si] “Not all the same (not still). Not now as was formerly (no longer still).”
  • ᎪᎱᏍᏗ, ᎪᏍᏗ
    [go²hu⁴sdi, go⁴sdi] “Something. A thing. Things.”

    • Ꮭ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ
      [hla go²hu⁴sdi] “Not anything. Nothing. No things.”

ᎤᏬᎵᏗ ᎪᏪᎵ (Funny Paper)

Read the following comic aloud. ☞ If you have partners, have one person read aloud all the ᏕᏫᏗ ᏥᏍᏚ and ᏲᎾ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ parts and another the ᏥᏍᏚ ᎠᎨᏳᏣ and ᏲᎾ ᎠᎨᏯ parts. Each person should read aloud both roles at least once.

ᏔᎳᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  16 minute read

Cherokee is a language of relationship. Most words and sentences describe the relationship between things on a continuous basis. For example, to talk about someone being a friend, requires that you indicate with whom they are friends. While Cherokee has a word that can be translated as “friendship”, there is no word that directly translates to “a friend” without indicating with whom the friendship resides. It is always “his friend”, “my friend”, “your friend”, “their friend”. A person who is not in relationship to anyone, has no friends, therefore can not be called “a friend”, no matter how friendly they may be.

ᏌᏚᏏᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  12 minute read

ᏘᎪᎵᏯ (Read them)

  • ᎠᎨᏳᏣ
    [ạ²ge²hyu⁴ja] “A girl.”

    • ᎠᏂᎨᏳᏣ
      [ạ²ni²ge²hyu⁴ja] “Girls.”
  • ᎠᏧᏣ
    [ạ²chu⁴ja] “A boy.”

    • ᎠᏂᏧᏣ
      [ạ²ni²chu⁴ja] “Boys.”
  • ᎦᏙ ᎠᏛᏁᎭ
    [gạ²do² a¹dv³nẹ²ha] “What is he doing?”

    • ᎦᏙ ᎠᎾᏛᏁᎭ
      [gạ²do² a¹na²dv³nẹ²ha] “What are they doing?”

ᏍᎪᎯᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  17 minute read

ᏘᎪᎵᏯ (Read them)

  • ᎠᏂᎠᏫ
    [a¹ni²ɂạ²hwi] “The deer people.”

  • ᎠᏂᎩᏟ
    [a¹ni²gi²hli] “The dog people.”

  • ᎠᏂᏥᏍᏚ
    [a¹ni²ji²sdu] “The rabbit people.”

  • ᎠᏂᏩᎭᏯ
    [a¹ni²wạ²hạ²ya] “The wolf people.”

  • ᎠᏂᏪᏌ
    [a¹ni²we²³sa] “The cat people.”

ᏐᏁᎵᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  16 minute read

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ - “His ongoing speaking - his ongoing knowing how.”

Clitics

Don’t get hung up on grammar information. Grammar is not something that needs to be memorized or fully understood. It is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.

Clitics are special word endings that are used to add or change the meanings of existing words. They are a very powerful feature of the Cherokee language and allow you to express a great many complicated things in short order. It is important to note that these endings cannot be used alone. They must always be combined with an existing word to form a new word.