Over at ebcikpep.com they have started publishing online "Myrtle Driver Johnson’s Cherokee Textbook" with audio.
The following indicates the main meanings for some of the more common forms of “is” as found in the text.
The words ᎯᎠ (this/these) and ᎥᏍᎩᎾ (that/those) can also be used to indicate “he”, “him”, “she”, “her”, “they”, or “them” when context makes it clear that a human or animate being is being referred to:
To ask what time it is, you either ask “how much time has progressed” or “how many times the clock has struck in hours”.
These pronouns are used to specify the whom but not the who of actions.
They do not specify the doer.
Here are my collected notes for use when translating texts from English into Cherokee.
- ᎢᏴᎢ, ᎢᏴ
[ị²yv⁴ɂi, ị²yv⁴] “… that time… that is when… that place… that area…”
The word “ᎢᏴᎢ” is used to refer to the “when” of an event or the “where” of an event.
From Verb Stem to Final Position.