There are several different ways in Cherokee to express the idea of “more” and “most” when talking about attributes like color or size. Here are some of these ways:
By adding both the prefix “yị-” and the word ᎡᎵᏊ [e²li⁴gwu] “It’s possible” to the Recent Past form you create the new meaning of “Might be about to”, “Could do.”, or “May do.”.
If you want to indicate something is “less” or “least” it is common to use the words “ᎦᏲᏟᎨᎢ” (smaller) and “ᏫᎦᏲᏢᎢ” (smallest).
- Ꮒ- + Ꮥ- becomes ᏂᏗ-
☞ The Ꮒ- prefix can indicate “next to the speaker’s point of reference in a lateral position”.
In the “Cherokee-English Dictionary”, this point of reference is called “the speaker’s position”.
In the “A Reference Grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee”, this point of reference is called “the deictic center”.
In many cases the prefix “nị-” is used to indicate “beside” or “next to”.
Assume the point of reference is in relation to the speaker unless context indicates otherwise.
This is used to refer to the point of time just before an event.
Use the Immediate Future suffix “-ᎢᏕᎾ” and “Set B” pronoun prefixes on the Past Tense form.
ᏘᎪᎵᏯ (Read them)
[ka] “Hey now! Enough already! Hey!” ☞ Also used as a greeting to indicate a “Hey!” kind of “Hi!”.
[ị²yạ³ni] “Count of animate.”
[i²³ga⁴] “Count of inanimate.”
[ga²sgị²lv⁴ɂi] “On a chair or on a table.”
[nị²ga⁴da, nị²ga⁴dv] “All. Everyone.”
[u²nal²su²³hwị²da] “Color (them-animate).”
[jul²su²³hwị²da] “Color (them-inanimate).”
ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)
☞ Remember that it is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.
Cherokee word ordering works differently than English word ordering. In simple sentences the subject of the sentence comes first, followed by the object and its modifiers, and finally by the verb and its modifiers. This results in what is called a “subject-object-verb” word order. This can be seen in the following example: