Authors: michael conrad

More and Most

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  3 minute read

There are several different ways in Cherokee to express the idea of “more” and “most” when talking about attributes like color or size. Here are some of these ways:

Might be about to do

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

By adding both the prefix “yị-” and the word ᎡᎵᏊ [e²li⁴gwu] “It’s possible” to the Recent Past form you create the new meaning of “Might be about to”, “Could do.”, or “May do.”.

Less and Least

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

If you want to indicate something is “less” or “least” it is common to use the words “ᎦᏲᏟᎨᎢ” (smaller) and “ᏫᎦᏲᏢᎢ” (smallest).

Lateral

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read
  • Ꮒ- + Ꮥ- becomes ᏂᏗ-

☞ The Ꮒ- prefix can indicate “next to the speaker’s point of reference in a lateral position”.

In the “Cherokee-English Dictionary”, this point of reference is called “the speaker’s position”.

In the “A Reference Grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee”, this point of reference is called “the deictic center”.

In many cases the prefix “nị-” is used to indicate “beside” or “next to”.

Assume the point of reference is in relation to the speaker unless context indicates otherwise.

Just before…

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  1 minute read

This is used to refer to the point of time just before an event.

Use the Immediate Future suffix “-ᎢᏕᎾ” and “Set B” pronoun prefixes on the Past Tense form.

Additional Resources - The Leitner System

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  2 minute read

The Leitner system is a widely used method to efficiently use flashcards that was proposed by the German science journalist Sebastian Leitner in the 1970s. It is a simple implementation of the principle of spaced repetition, where cards are reviewed at increasing interval.

ᏔᎵᏍᎪ ᏔᎵᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  6 minute read

ᏘᎪᎵᏯ (Read them)


  • [ka] “Hey now! Enough already! Hey!” ☞ Also used as a greeting to indicate a “Hey!” kind of “Hi!”.

  • ᏄᎳ
    [nu⁴la] “Hurry.”

  • ᎢᏯᏂ
    [ị²yạ³ni] “Count of animate.”

  • ᎢᎦ
    [i²³ga⁴] “Count of inanimate.”

  • ᎦᏍᎩᎸᎢ
    [ga²sgị²lv⁴ɂi] “On a chair or on a table.”

  • ᏂᎦᏓ, ᏂᎦᏛ
    [nị²ga⁴da, nị²ga⁴dv] “All. Everyone.”

  • ᎤᎵᏑᏫᏓ
    [ul²su²³hwị²da] “Color.”

    • ᎤᎾᎵᏑᏫᏓ
      [u²nal²su²³hwị²da] “Color (them-animate).”

    • ᏧᎵᏑᏫᏓ
      [jul²su²³hwị²da] “Color (them-inanimate).”

ᏔᎵᏍᎪ ᏌᏊᎯᏁᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ

2020-03-26 Michael Conrad  16 minute read

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎢ (Grammar)

Remember that it is through the exercises in the lesson material that you will learn how to understand and speak Cherokee, not by memorizing rules and word parts.

Cherokee word ordering works differently than English word ordering. In simple sentences the subject of the sentence comes first, followed by the object and its modifiers, and finally by the verb and its modifiers. This results in what is called a “subject-object-verb” word order. This can be seen in the following example: