• Ꮒ- + Ꮥ- becomes ᏂᏗ-

☞ The Ꮒ- prefix can indicate “had already begun” or “had already occurred” when used with the past tense form.

You are indicating a past event happening alongside another past event. The events are “beside” or “next to” each other.

This requires a change of the ending to “-oi”.


  • ᎤᏛᏁᎢ Udvhnei. “He/she said it.”

    • ᏄᏛᏃᎢ. Nudvhnoi. Ni- -udvhn- -oi.

      • “He/she had already said it. He/she was already saying it.”
  • ᎤᎨᎢ. Ugei. He/she ate.

    • ᎠᎩᎪᎲᎢ ᏄᎪᎢ. Agigohei nugoi. Ni- -ug- -oi.

      • “When I saw him, he had already eaten. When I saw him, he was already eating.”

      • The concept of “when” is implied because we are talking about a first event in relation to a second event.