If you want to be able to describe something based on a state of being, like “jumpy” for “jumping” or “hungry” for “is hungry”, you can often take the Past Tense form and use the suffix “-Ꭵ⁴Ꭲ”. These new word forms use the “Ꮧ-” prefix rules for making plurals and must be inflected for person. The word order normally reverses as the new word with the “-Ꭵ⁴Ꭲ” suffix is a descriptive word and normally goes in front of what it is describing. Keeping the “⁴” tone is very important.


  • ᏧᎳ ᎤᏔᏕᎦᏁ. The fox was thirsty.

    • ᎤᏔᏕᎦᏅᎢ ᏧᎳ. The thirsty fox.

    • ᏧᏂᏔᏕᎦᏅᎢ ᏧᎳ. The thirsty foxes.

  • ᎠᏧᏣ ᎤᏲᏏᏍᎨ. The boy was hungry.

    • ᎤᏲᏏᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏧᏣ. The hungry boy.

    • ᏧᏂᏲᏏᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏂᏧᏣ. The hungry boys.

  • ᏣᎵᏘᏎ. You escaped. You ran away.

    • ᏣᎵᏘᏒᎢ ᏂᎯ. You appear flighty. You look like you want to run away.
  • ᎦᏚ ᎤᏩᏚᏁ. He baked the bread.

    • ᎤᏩᏚᏅᎢ ᎦᏚ. Baked bread.

While not all verbs can be turned into descriptive words this way, many can.