If you take the Infinitive form and add a high falling tone on its rightmost long vowel you imply a “need to do” something. Knowing exactly where to add this tone requires experience listening to long timer speakers of the language. ☞ You can indicate that it is a “must do” instead of a “need do” by adding the word ᎠᏎ “a²se”.


  • ᎤᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᏚᎵᎭ. U²gowh²tvh³di u¹du²lị³ha. “He/she wants to see it.”

    • ᎤᎪᏩᏛᏗ. U³²gowh²tvh³di. “He/she needs to see it.” - Note the change in tones.

    • ᎠᏎ ᎤᎪᏩᏛᏗ. A²se u³²gowh²tvh³di. “He/she must see it.”

    • ᎠᏎ ᎤᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏣᏅᏔ. Ase ugowhtvhdi janhta. “You know he must see it.”

  • ᎢᏳᏛᏅᏗ ᎤᏚᎵᎭ. I²yu²dvnh¹di u¹du²lị³ha. “He/she wants to do it.”

    • ᎢᏳᏛᏅᏗ. I²yu³²dvnh¹di. “He/she needs to do it.” - Note the change in tones.

    • ᎢᏳᏛᏅᏗ ᎠᏆᏅᏔ. I²yu³²dvnh¹di a¹gwanh²ta. “I know he needs to do it.”

    • ᎠᏎ ᎢᏳᏛᏅᏗ. Ase iyudvnhdi. “He/she must do it.”

This form appears identical to the Facility and Infinitive forms when written. Context is required to determine correct meaning.