If you take the Remote Past form and then add the special prefix “dạ-” and replace the “-vi” ending with “-ị” you create the Completive Future form. If the Present Tense form uses “Set A” pronouns, then use “Set A” pronouns and not “Set B” pronouns. ☞ This indicates much the same meaning as the English “will… ” forms that do not use “be… ing”.

  • Basic Pronunciation Rules:

    • “dạ-” is inserted directly after where “de-” is usually inserted.

      • If there is a “de-” it changes to become “do-”.
    • If “dạ-” is used before “e-”, “o-”, “u-” or “v-” it becomes “dạy-”.

    • If “dạ-” is used before an “a-” they combine to become “dv-”. ☞ A general sound combining rule for Cherokee is to merge two “a” sounds that come together into a single long “v”.

    • If “dạ-” is used before an “i-” the “i-” is replaced and “dạ-” becomes “da¹-”.

    • If “dạ-” is used before an “h-” they combine together and become “t-”.

      • Additional pronunciation rules will be provided as needed as part of your exercise material.


  • ᎠᎩᎪᎲᎢ. A²gị¹go²hv²³ɂi. - “I saw it.” (Agi + goh + vɂi)

    • ᏓᏥᎪᎯ. Da²jị²go²hi. - “I will see it.” (Da + ji + goh + i)
  • ᎠᏆᏚᎸᎲᎢ. A¹gwạ²du²lv²hv²³ɂi. - “I wanted it.” (Agi + adulvh + vɂi)

    • ᏛᏆᏚᎸᎯ. Dv¹gwạ²du²lv²hi. - “I will want it.” *(Da + agi + adulvh
      • i)*
  • ᏩᎭᏯ ᎯᏯᏚᎸᎲᎢ. Wahaya hi²yạ²du²lv²hv²³ɂi. - “You wanted a wolf.” (Hi + adulvh + vɂi)

    • ᏩᎭᏯ ᏘᏯᏚᎸᎯ. Wahaya ti²yạ²du²lv²hi. - “You will want a wolf.” *(Da
      • hi + adulvh + i)*
  • ᏅᏯ ᏕᏣᏚᎸᎲᎢ. Nvya de²jạ²du²lv²hv²³ɂi. - “You wanted rocks.” *(De + ja

    • adulvh + vɂi)*

      • ᏅᏯ ᏙᏓᏣᏚᎸᎯ. Nvya do²da²jạ²du²lv²hi. - “You will want rocks.” *(De
        • da + ja + adulvh + i)*
  • ᏩᎭᏯ ᎦᎯᏯᏚᎸᎲᎢ. Wahaya ga²hi²yạ²du²lv²hv²³ɂi. - “You wanted wolves.” (Gahi + adulvh + vɂi)

    • ᏩᎭᏯ ᏓᎦᎯᏯᏚᎸᎯ. Wahaya da²ga²hi²yạ²du²lv²hi. - “You will want wolves.” (Da + gahi + adulvh + i)

Note that there is no “will be… ing” in any of these examples. It is very important that if you are wanting to express something in Cherokee that would be expressed in English with “will be… ing” to use the Future Progressive form instead!